一起读经 | 马太福音 13:33-43

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马太福音13章33-35节 天国面酵

马太福音 13:33-35  他又对他们讲个比喻说:天国好像面酵,有妇人拿来,藏在三斗面里,直等全团都发起来。这都是耶稣用比喻对众人说的话;若不用比喻,就不对他们说什么。 这是要应验先知的话,说:我要开口用比喻,把创世以来所隐藏的事发明出来。

今天大多数人都不再使用耶稣所说的那种酵母了。现在使用的都是那种快速发酵的酵母粉,我们只需要打开一包,把它和面粉混合在一起就可以了。在古代,女人们通常会保留一把上次烘焙所剩的生面团,因为酵母会在面团中存活,然后把它与新的面团混合,直到融为一体。如果是重六十磅(三斗面约27公斤),那么她一定是个面包师,胳膊也很强壮。然后,她会让它静置几个小时,甚至一天,酵母会慢慢地作用于整个面团中。

为什么说天国像面酵呢?福音和圣灵在我们心中运行作工,就好像酵母,充满我们心的每一个角落。福音改变了一切,改变了我们与上帝的关系,从一个罪人变成了一个圣徒。改变了我们与他人之间的关系,将焦点不放在我们自己身上,而是关注他人,也就是耶稣所说要爱人如己。福音改变了我与配偶、孩子和老板的关系,也改变了我对金钱、成功和事业的看法。这并不是一下子发生的,是随着时间的推移,福音不断在影响着我们的心灵。

那么,你和你的孩子可以来做一个实验。取几杯面粉,少许盐和糖,把它们搅拌成面糊。然后再加入少许酵母,搅拌均匀后,把它放置一天,看看会发生什么。一天之后,你会看到里面充满了泡沫,这时候你就可以用它做一些煎饼或者面包了。通过这个实验,我们可以看出这就是福音在我们心中的工作方式。

祷告: 主耶稣,让你的福音在我心里作工,使我生命的每一部分都愿意顺服你的旨意,而不是随从我自己的意愿! 当我看到福音在我的家人、朋友、甚至是陌生人的心里和生活中运行时,让我为你的国降临而欢呼吧! 奉主耶稣基督的名求。阿们!

Matthew 13:33-35:  33 He told them still another parable: “The kingdom of heaven is like yeast that a woman took and mixed into about sixty pounds of flour until it worked all through the dough.”34 Jesus spoke all these things to the crowd in parables; he did not say anything to them without using a parable. 35 So was fulfilled what was spoken through the prophet: “I will open my mouth in parables, I will utter things hidden since the creation of the world.”

Most people don’t use the kind of yeast that Jesus was talking about. We open up a package of quick rising yeast and mix it into the flour. In ancient times, a woman would keep a handful of dough from the previous baking. The yeast would stay alive in that dough until it was mixed with a large batch of flour.  If it was sixty pounds, she must have been a baker and had really strong arms!  Then she would let it sit for hours or even a day, and the yeast would slowly work it’s way through the whole batch of dough.

Why is that like the kingdom of heaven? The gospel and the Holy Spirit working in our hearts is like yeast. It wants to take over every corner, every fiber of our heart.  The gospel changes everything. It changes our relationship with God, from a sinner to a saint. It changes our relationship with each other, because it is not about me, but about my neighbor. It changes the way I relate to my spouse and children and my boss.  It changes the way I think about money and success and business. It doesn’t happen all at once, but over time the gospel continues to work into our whole heart.

So do an experiment with your children. Take a few cups of flour and a little salt and sugar and make a batter with it.  Add just a pinch of yeast and mix it in. Then let it set on the counter for a day and watch what happens.  When it’s all bubbly and foamy, make some pancakes with it or some bread. That’s how the gospel works in our heart.

Prayer:  Lord Jesus, let your gospel work throughout my heart so that every part of my life becomes subject to your will and not my own! And when I see that gospel work in the the hearts and lives of others, my family and my friends and even strangers that I’ve me, then let me rejoice that your kingdom has come!  I ask this in your name. Amen.

马太福音13章36-43节 田间稗子的比喻

马太福音 13:36-43 当下,耶稣离开众人,进了房子。他的门徒进前来,说:“请把田间稗子的比喻讲给我们听。” 他回答说:“那撒好种的就是人子; 田地就是世界;好种就是天国之子;稗子就是那恶者之子; 撒稗子的仇敌就是魔鬼;收割的时候就是世界的末了;收割的人就是天使。 将稗子薅出来用火焚烧,世界的末了也要如此。 人子要差遣使者,把一切叫人跌倒的和作恶的,从他国里挑出来, 丢在火炉里;在那里必要哀哭切齿了。 那时,义人在他们父的国里,要发出光来,像太阳一样。有耳可听的,就应当听!”

在这里,耶稣解释了稗子的比喻。当我们看这个比喻的时候,我们再次回想起之前学过的。由真正的信徒组成的才是真正的教会,是无形的。然后在有形的教会中,有很多人自称是基督徒,但他们可能不相信上帝,并不是真正的基督徒。在每一个教会里,总有假冒伪善的人,装作是基督徒。在最后审判的时候,耶稣会把伪善者清除出去,让他们接受应得的审判。而义人就是真正信耶稣、又披戴他义袍的人。他们在父的国里、要发出光来、像太阳一样。

那么,当我们不知道他们是否是真正的信徒时,我们如何服事他们呢? 这就是为什么我们在所有的讲道中都同时会讲律法和福音的原因。基督徒需要听律法,因为他们自己有罪性,但他们更需要听福音,因为只有福音能给人安慰并使我们的信心增长。那些和你在一起聚会的伪善者们,他们同样需要律法和福音来改变他们的心。这就是我们在布道中宣讲律法和福音的原因。我们也应该以同样的方式阅读圣经,寻找律法和福音。

如果我们感觉到有人可能不是信徒,或者不愿意遵行神的道的时候,或许我们可以做一件事,问他们一个神学相关的问题: “如果你今天死了,站在上帝面前,上帝问你为什么允许你进入天堂,你会回答什么? ” 或许人们会说他们相信耶稣,或者他们会说他们是好人所以配得进入天堂诸如此类的话。换句话说,他们相信他们自己,而不是耶稣。如果你听到了这样的答案,那就和他们一起坐下来,把上帝的拯救计划教导分享给他们。我问过许多教会成员这个问题,我很惊讶竟有很多人的答案是错的!同样也令我惊讶的是,有些看似没什么信心的人,却正确而坚定地回答对了这个问题。我很高兴我不用把他们当成稗子一下清除出去了。我所要做的就是宣扬律法和福音。

祷告:主耶稣,求你使我有胆量去传扬律法与福音,带著怜悯宣讲律法,带著热情传扬福音。请你赐给我勇气,即使是我身边的人,我也能够问他们上述这个信仰的问题,这样就能够判断出他们的真实的信仰状况,从而能更好的帮助他们。奉主耶稣基督的名求。阿们!

Matthew 13:36-43: Then he left the crowd and went into the house. His disciples came to him and said, “Explain to us the parable of the weeds in the field.” 37 He answered, “The one who sowed the good seed is the Son of Man.38 The field is the world, and the good seed stands for the people of the kingdom. The weeds are the people of the evil one, 39 and the enemy who sows them is the devil. The harvest is the end of the age, and the harvesters are angels. 40 “As the weeds are pulled up and burned in the fire, so it will be at the end of the age. 41 The Son of Man will send out his angels, and they will weed out of his kingdom everything that causes sin and all who do evil.42 They will throw them into the blazing furnace, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth. 43 Then the righteous will shine like the sun in the kingdom of their Father. Whoever has ears, let them hear.

Here Jesus explains the parable of the weeds.  Again, remember what we learned earlier when we looked at the parable. There is the invisible Church, which is the sum of all true believers. Then there is the visible church, which are all those people who profess to be Christians, but who may or may not be. In every church there will always be hypocrites who put on the face of being Christians, but who are not. On the last day, Jesus will weed out the hypocrites and send them to the judgment they deserve. The righteous, those who believe in Jesus and are clothed with his righteousness, will shine like the sun in the kingdom of their Father.

But how do we serve people here if we don’t know if they are actually believers? That’s why we preach both law and gospel in all of our sermons. Christians need to hear the law because of their sinful nature, and they need to hear the gospel because that’s the only thing that gives us comfort and grows our faith. The pretender sitting in the pew needs the same thing, law and gospel, to change their hearts. That’s why we preach law and gospel in all our sermons. And that is why we should read our Bibles the same way, looking for law and gospel.

But there is something we can do if we sense someone may not be a believer or who is not walking with Jesus. Ask them the evangelism question.  “If you died today and stood before God, and he asked you why he should let you into heaven, what would you say?”  People will either say that they believe in Jesus, or they will say they think they are good people, or something to that effect.  In other words, they believe in themselves and not in Jesus. If you hear that answer, then sit down with them and teach them God’s plan of salvation.  I have asked that question of many of my church members and have been surprised at how many had the answer wrong!  And sometimes I have been surprised when someone who has not been faithful in hearing the Word has answered the question correctly and with conviction.  I am glad that I don’t have to weed them out.  All I have to do is proclaim law and gospel.

Prayer:  Lord Jesus, make me bold to proclaim both law and gospel, the law with compassion and the gospel with a passion.  And give me courage to ask even those close to me the question about what they believe, lest I assume they are believers when they are not.  I ask this in your name. Amen.

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